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Canadian Empirical Research on the CEFR:
Laying the ground for future research (2013)
Author: Stephanie Arnott
- To gather and review the existing empirical research focusing on the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) in the Canadian context;
- To identify common themes, foci, and/or notable gaps in the body of empirical studies conducted to date.
Only empirical studies based on data collected in Canada were considered for inclusion in this document. All studies focused on the CEFR and/or its various components including the European Language Portfolio (ELP), the CEFR self-assessment scales, and assessment tools that are based on the CEFR (e.g., Diplôme d’études en langue française, DELF; Diplôme approfondi de langue française, DALF; Test de connaissance du français, TCF; etc.). The author, summarized these empirical studies, and then considered whether there were areas of convergence and/or divergence related to the foci, participants, methods, findings, implications, limitations, and/or future research described in this annotated bibliography.
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